Cashew was introduced in our country since the 18th century and grown mainly in South of Vietnam (as consistent with natural conditions). Initially, cashew is grow dispersal in household gardens and plantations as a fruit tree that has no high economic value. After 1975 cashew was chosen as covering hills trees combined seeds, fruit. But in the 80s, many information about supply and demand and market price of the seeds increased (over 6.000 USD/tons), it impulsed many local develop cashew. In 1998, the cashew nuts export processing industry was formed, the cashew area of the country was over 40 billion dong (VND). Two-thirds of the export of raw cashew and a third remaining was exported by cashew nuts processing enterprises.
However, until 1990 that Vietnam cashew industry really prospered. On November 29, 1990 Minister of Agriculture and Food Industry (nowadays it is Ministry of Agriculture anh Rural Development) has issued Decision No. 346/NN-TCCB/QĐ on established Vietnam Cashew Association with trade name in English: Vietnam Cashew Association (VINACAS).
In 1992, that is only a year after canalize border of Vietnam – China, Vietnam cashew nuts had been in the markets most populous on planet. Today, China is always the 2nd largest market for cashew Vietnam.
During the 10 years from 1990 to 1999, cashew Vietnam was only a few tens of thousands of tons, in 1999 production of Vietnam has made 100 thousand tons of raw cashews, cashew nuts exported production reached 28 thoisand tons, exported turnover reached 164 million USD. Cashew processing industry develop strongly, raw production of domestic was not enough to supply for industrial processing and export.
By 1996, Vietnam stopped to export raw cashew and officially register their name to the list of imported raw cashew from Africa.
To encourage a fledgling industry growing at a rate of “hot”, the Government need to orient the development. Vietnam Cashew Association – Ministy of Agriculture and Rural Development has submitted proposals to the Prime Minister about development strategy of cashew industry of the 2000-2010. On 07/05/1999, the prime Minister issued Decision No.120/1999/QĐ-TTg on approval of proposals to develop cashew industry in 2010.
Wonderful thing was not to wait up to 10 years but only 5 years later, mean in 2005 almost all of development targets of the Governments Decisio 120 has been completed and completed in excess of plan.
To recognize of that achievement is on January 14, 2003, president awarded the Labor Medal to cashew industry with Grade 3 in the renewal period.
On August 24, 2007, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, under authorization of the Prime Minister decided to the Decision 39/2007/QĐ-BNN about develop cashew industry until 2010 and orient development until 2020.
In recent years, despite many difficulties encountered by the general context of global economy, cashew industry still carried out the objectives. Areas of cashew trees are maintained, many areas, many farmers are planting cashew not only delete hunger, reduce poverty but also help people become richer from planting cashew. Processing industries have improved gradually, industrialization, friendly invironment, high quality product improvement, food hygiene and safety is assured.
In 2006, a great news to those who have grown – processing – export of cashew: Vietnam has become the cashew exporter of the worlds leading.
In 2007 cashew industry continued to develop with very high growth rate of 25% higher than average growth of the agricultural industry with specific achievement:
– Raw production of domestic: 350.000 tons.
– Import: 200.000 tons.
– Processing production: 550.000 tons.
– Exported cashew nuts production: 152.000 tons.
– Export turn-over: 650 million USD.
Exported to the United States reached over 36%; China 18%; the European Union (EU) over 20%…
In 2008, there was many difficulties such as high input costs, shortage of labor,… but with efforts of farmers, processors, exporters. With the direction and assistance of local, cashew industry gained some achieviments:
– Area of cashew trees inn country: 421.489 hectares
– Area of harvest: 320.000 hectares
– Cashew productivity: 10,9 quintal/hectares
– Estimated production: 348.910 tons
– Exported cashew nuts production: 167.000 tons
– Export turn-over: 920 million USD
In 2015, Vietnam continued to lead the world with export of 1.300.000 tons of cashew production. Thus 10 years (2006 to 2015) Vietnam stands on number one of exported cashew nuts, the number two in world of raw production and processing production.
There are achievement today, cashew industry must acknowledge the contribution of farmers took care of cashew.
Cashew industry must record the effort, the contribution of scientists, agricultural engineers are creating new seeds for productivity day and night in other to gain high quality.
That success also is the contribution of the great workers of cashew processing; although life still numerous difficulties, they are attached, creative work to help cashew industry more achievement.
It is the effort of intellectual of businessmen who work in exported cashew nuts industry in Vietnam. They work great contribution in bringing high-quality seeds of Vietnams export to nearly 100 countries and territories around the world and hopefully not much longer Vietnam cashew industry will soon join to club “a billion usd export”.