Human birth is truly a miracle and there are two ways in which a newborn come into this world, either you can opt for normal delivery or cesarean section. Among these best method is chosen by a doctor according to baby’s and mother’s health as the ultimate goal is to safely give birth to a healthy baby.
Pros for mother:
Going through labor and decision to have vaginal delivery is quite long process that for some women is physically grueling and really hard work. However, one of the many benefits of having a vaginal birth is that the time spent in hospital and recovery time are much shorter in comparison with a C-section.
Even though the laws vary from state to state, usually the hospital stay for a woman who had vaginal delivery is between 24 and 48 hours. Still, in case if the woman is feeling well, she have the option to elect to leave the hospital sooner than the allowable time period permitted in her state, says Bryant for Live Science.
Women who decide for vaginal birth avoid major and complicated surgery and its associated risks, including severe bleeding, scarring, infections, reactions to anesthesia and some other longer-lasting pain. Due to the fact that the mother will be less woozy from surgery, she is able to hold her baby and begin breastfeeding sooner after she delivers.
Pros for baby:
One advantage for the baby of a vaginal delivery is that a mother will have more early contact with her baby than a woman who has undergone surgery, and she can initiate breastfeeding sooner, Bryant said.
During a vaginal delivery, muscles involved in the process are more likely to squeeze out fluid found in a newborn’s lungs, Bryant said, which is a benefit because it makes babies less likely to suffer breathing problems at birth. Babies born vaginally also receive an early dose of good bacteria as they travel through their mother’s birth canal, which may boost their immune systems and protect their intestinal tracts.
Cons for mother:
During vaginal delivery, there is a risk the skin and tissues that are located around the vagina to stretch and tear while the fetus moves through the birth canal. Woman may need stitches if that stretching and tearing is severe, or that even may cause weakness or injury to pelvic muscles that control her urine and bowel function.
There are studies that have found that those women who have vaginal delivery have high chances to have problems with bowel or urinary incontinence, apart from women who have had C-sections. Moreover, they also are more prone to leak urine when they cough, sneeze or laugh.
Some women after a vaginal delivery experience lingering pain in the perineum, which is area between her vagina and anus.
Cons for baby:
If a woman has had a long labor or if the baby is large and delivered vaginally, the baby may get injured during the birth process itself, such as having a bruised scalp or a fractured collarbone, according to the Stanford School of Medicine.
Pros for mother:
There are not a lot of advantages to having a C-section if a woman is eligible to have a vaginal delivery, Bryant said.
However, if a pregnant woman knows that she will need a C-section, a surgical birth can be scheduled in advance, making it more convenient and predictable than a vaginal birth and going through a long labor.
Cons for mother:
Women who has had a C-section usually stay in the hospital longer, on average two to four days, in comparison with woman who has a vaginal delivery.
The C-section increases the risk for woman to have more physical complaints following delivery, including pain at the site of the incision and longer-lasting soreness.
The C-section actually is surgery, and patients who are undergoing surgery are at increased risk of blood loss and a greater risk of infection. Moreover, there is possibility the bowel or bladder to be injured during the operation or a blood clot may form.
Review study discovered that women who have had C-section are less likely to begin early breastfeeding copmared to women who had a vaginal birth.
Woman usually have more pain and discomfort in the abdomen, so the recovery period after delivering is also longer. The reason for the pain is as the skin and nerves surrounding the surgical scar need time to heal, at least two months.
According to a French study, women are three times more likely to die during Caesarean delivery than a vaginal birth. The reason for that mostly are blood clots, infections and complications from anesthesia.
If the woman once has had her first C-section, it is more likely to have a C-section in all future deliveries. In addition to that, she may be at greater risk of future pregnancy complications. For instance, uterine rupture is condition when the C-section scar in the uterus ruptures and placenta abnormalities. Medical experts explain that the risk for placenta problems increases with every C-section the woman has.
Cons for baby:
Some babies have respiratory problems when delivered by C-section. Some doctors claim that C-sections cause complications like problems with anesthesia or possibly nicking the baby. These risks during delivery are very low, but are factors each expectant mother should be aware of.
Overall, there are significant factors that affect the decision to choose your option, and the choice is yours to make. Of course, in cases where a c-section is necessary for the health of the mother and baby, (such as high risk of passing sexually transmitted viruses or complications from fetal distress) the procedure will be carried out even if a natural birth is preferred.