In Hung Phu, Minh Hung commune, Bu Dang district has a elder, his name is Dieu Dia was born in 1935 but he looks so strong, he served for Res Cross of commune and currently he is chairman of Elder Council of Minh Hung commune. Like his people, every year he carries “xà-gạt” a tool to plough virgin land, therefore he has many fields. Area of each field is not big but it take a lots of time and effort to take care of them. On the other hand, when people change waste land into cultivated areas, they didn’t devide into plots, they grow up without in order, grow closely, lack of photosynthesis, so the provide very low productivity. He realized that their farming technical is less effective than Kinh’s farming, so Mr Dieu Dia exchanged his land to get a land adjoining each other, its also convenient for him to save time and travel to “imitate”the Kinh farmings technical on his cashew orchard. And also thanks to right investment in technical, so it provides higher productivity than be fore. At first, he improved very orchard such as chopped down trees produce low produchtivity, pruned branches, created new leaf canopy when new branches springed up. He said: few branches but many cashews are betther than many branches but provide low productivity. He explained for this: I plant cashew not use for … firewood.
Indeed, he has six hectares of cashew. He gets up to 120 million vnd each year.
His orchard looks well-exposed and spacious, natural lawn by photosynthesis is better to keep the ground will not be drifted in the rainy season, he saves a lots of expenses because his orchard is less pedtilent insect. Every year, end of September to mid October, he hoes the grass but due to raining of last season makes grasses are decayed and they turn into fertilizer for trees, so the many quantity of fertilizer can be saved. After cashew flowers bloom all, he starts to hoe new grass and collect them to one place to fire. The smoke exhales too much to prevent pedtilent insect.
Explain for this, Mr Dieu Dia says: cashew tree is like …human being, it need food and breath. Remove tha branches that cannot produce fruit so that we can save fertilizer and avoid pedtilent insect. The strong branches can get enough light and “air to breath”. They will produce much flowers and fruits, quality of seed is better. But tree also nees strong “mouth” to eat, we must hoe the ground where roots take out so that we don’t waste fertilizer. Mr Dia talks like doctor: “sicks come from mouth” mouth here is roots and branches, should prevent from these…should hoe all grass around stump and make branch stronger. For him, bird is “killer” of insect, but nowadays, people hunt down too many birds, there is no bird to kill insects, so insects produce alots. He applies the advices of science and technology and rarely use pesticide for his orchard. Mr Dia says: its not difficult to apply science and technology for cashew trees, everybody can do it!
Although he is 76 years old but Mr Dieu Dia is enough health to ride motobike, open-minded, friendly with everyone. When people ask him how he has everything today? Mr Dieu Dia laugh freely: “Everything .. thanks to cashew”!..