Human urine has been a useful tool for diagnosis since the earliest days of medicine. The color, density, and smell of urine can reveal much about the state of our health.
The urine is your body’s liquid waste, mainly made of water, salt, and chemicals called urea and uric acid. Your kidneys produce it when they filter toxins and other harmful stuff from your blood. Also, things like medications, foods, and illnesses, can affect the color of your urine.
What color is your urine?
If everything is normal and healthy, the color should be a pale yellow to gold. That color comes from a pigment your body makes called urochrome.
The shade, light or dark, also changes. If it has no color at all, that may be because you’ve been drinking a lot of water or taking a drug called a diuretic, which helps your body get rid of fluid.
Very dark honey or brown-colored urine could be a sign that you’re dehydrated and need to get more fluids right away. It may also be a warning sign of liver problems, so see your doctor if it doesn’t get better after a day or so.
Other unusual colors that may show up:
Pink or red
Urine that is red in color is a sign of two things. The first can be serious because it can be due to a presence of blood and you will have to immediately tell your doctor. It is possible that you have a problem with your bladder or kidneys. A proper diagnosis will always give you an answer.
The second cause of this symptom is completely harmless. If you have eaten a lot of beets, berries, blackberries, or even foods with a lot of coloring that day, it is possible that your urine will take on this color. It’s essential that you notice if this color repeats over several days. If that is the case, don’t hesitate to see your doctor.
Orange in color
This color is not as normal but it can happen. What causes orange color in urine? It’s probably because of medications like high-dose vitamin B2, the UTI drug phenazopyridine, or the antibiotic isoniazid. Another cause is an excess vitamin C in your body. If it happens to you one day, just reduce your consumption of the fruits and vegetables with vitamin C for at least five days. Reduce, but never eliminate.
Blue in color
As strange as it may seem, this is caused by an excess of calcium or a type of bacterial infection. This tends to happen in people that take vitamin supplements. It causes an excess or small contamination with other substances, and your body will be affected. Be careful with the medications and vitamin supplements that you take. If you notice any changes, ask your doctor.
Reddish brown in color
This may be the most common if you are having a kidney problem. This reddish brown color is because you have an inflammation and there are small traces of blood in your urine. It is possible that you have a stone and your urinary tracts are suffering from this element that is painfully blocking the bladder. You may have them in the kidney, which are damaging it. In this case, the color of the urine is very characteristic. Also, if it is a kidney problem, you will also be in pain.