Breast cancer develops from breast cells, and it typically begins in the inner lining of the milk ducts or it starts off from the lobules. One that has started off in the ducts is known as ductal carcinoma while the latter is known as lobular carcinoma.
Currently, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women from all around the world. This cancer accounts for 16 percent of all female cancers, 22.9 percent of invasive cancers in women, and 18.2 percent of all cancer deaths. According to the National Cancer Institute, annually 232,340 female breast cancers and 2,240 male breast cancers are being reported.
The prevalence of breast cancer among American women is constantly on the rise, currently affecting 1 out of 8 women. Early detection is the key to proper cancer treatment as well as to being it. Therefore, all women should be familiar with the signs of breast cancer so that they could seek medical attention at the very beginning.
Below you have a list of the 5 most common warning signs of breast cancer, which most women often tend to ignore.
- A new mole / change in an existing mole
Moles are said to be one of the earliest signs of breast cancer. Women with moles are at 13 percent higher risk of developing breast cancer when compared to women without any of them.
- A cough or hoarse throat that won’t subside
Metastatic cancer, cancer which has spread from the breast to the lungs, leads to hoarse voice and persistent cough. Statistics show that breast cancer spreads to the lungs in about 60-70 percent of all cancer patients.
- Irregular bowel or bladder movements
Hormonal changes are quite common in cancer patients, which lead to drying of the urethra and incontinence. What`s more, this may lead to leaking of urine when coughing, sneezing, or laughing as well as to urgent need to urinate, and urination which takes longer than it usually does.
- Unexplained fatigue
Most cancer patients experience fatigue, which often happens after a good night`s sleep. As a matter of fact, this type of fatigue has nothing to do with lack of sleep as it`s caused by chemical imbalance in the body rather than by physical exhaustion or sleep deprivation.
- Unexplained back pain
Back pain is very common and it may be a sign of different conditions, including breast cancer. Breast cancer patients usually experience pressure on the spine and ribs as well as pain in the upper back. Sometimes, they may feel as if the pain comes from the bones, which may indicate that the breast cancer has spread to the bones.
Additional Symptoms (signs to see a doctor!)
- Rash around the nipples
- An area of thickened tissue in the breast
- A swelling in the armpit
- Changes in breast`s size or shape
- Sunken or inverted nipple
- The skin of the nipple or breast has started to peel or flake
- A discharge from one of the nipples